August 17, 2020

Udall, Senators Press for Accurate 2020 Census Count for Native Communities

Letter to Census Bureau and Commerce Dept. Urges Trump administration to reverse decision to end Census collection period on September 30th instead of previous deadline of October 31st

WASHINGTON – U.S. Senator Tom Udall (D-N.M.) joined U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell (D-Wash.) and 18 Senate Democrats in urging the U.S. Department of Commerce and U.S. Census Bureau to honor their previously announced 2020 census completion date to ensure an accurate count for Indian Country and the Native Hawaiian community.

On April 13, 2020, the Commerce Department and Census Bureau announced a modified timeline for 2020 census operations due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which extended the deadline for field data collection to October 31, 2020. On August 3rd, the Bureau reneged on its April 13th announcement and indicated instead that it will cease all collection by September 30, 2020. 

Census response rates have been and remain low in Tribal communities in part because Tribal governments have taken necessary measures to keep their communities safe during the COVID-19 pandemic, as Tribal communities have experienced some of the highest mortality rates in the nation from the virus. The Bureau’s newly accelerated timeline threatens to result in another severe undercount of American Indians, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian communities.

“American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian leaders have spent months coordinating with the Census Bureau to prepare their communities for the 2020 count and to meet the Bureau’s October 31st deadline. Their herculean efforts to get out the count even during a pandemic should not be discounted or cut short,” the senators wrote.“Failure to get a complete and accurate count of these community populations will have long term and devastating impacts – from redistricting data, to federal funding, to congressional representation. A fair and accurate census is critical to Native communities’ continued and future prosperity.”

“We strongly urge you to honor the previously announced 2020 census completion date of October 31, 2020 and to continue operations under the modified timeline as detailed in the Bureau’s April 13th announcement,” the senators continued. “We look forward to working with you to uphold the federal government’s constitutional obligation to ensure a fair and accurate count for Indian Country and all Native populations within the United States.”

Udall and Cantwell are joined on the letter by Senators Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), Jon Tester (D-Mont.), Gary Peters (D-Mich.), Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii), Catherine Cortez Masto (D-Nev.), Tina Smith (D-Minn.), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Kamala Harris (D-Calif.), Angus King (I-Maine), Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii), Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.), Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), Ed Markey (D-Mass.), Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.), Tammy Duckworth (D-Ill.), and Jacky Rosen (D-Nev.). 

The full text of the letter can be found HERE and below:

Dear Secretary Ross and Director Dillingham,

We write to urge the U.S. Census Bureau to honor its previously announced 2020 census completion date of October 31, 2020 and to continue operations under the modified timeline as detailed in the April 13th announcement to ensure an accurate count for Indian Country and the Native Hawaiian community. 

On April 13, 2020, the U.S Department of Commerce and U.S. Census Bureau announced a modified timeline for 2020 census operations due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The announcement stated the enumeration period for self-response and non-response follow up would be extended to October 31, 2020, and requested an extension of the statutory deadlines for apportionment counts and redistricting data. Under this extension, apportionment counts would be delivered by April 30, 2021 and redistricting data would be sent no later than July 31, 2021. 

Relying on the modified Census Bureau timeline with the expectation that it would help ensure an accurate count of their communities, Tribal governments were able to respond to the pandemic with a singular focus on protecting their members and mitigating the virus’ impact on their communities by prioritizing staff and resources. And so it is no surprise that the Bureau’s August 3rd announcement that it will cease all field data collection by September 30, 2020 – over 30 days sooner than the Bureau previously stated – was met with fierce opposition from Indian Country.

Indeed, numerous Tribes and Tribal organizations have reached out to our offices expressing concerns about the accelerated timeline and historical undercounting of their communities. Response rates have been and remain low in Tribal communities in part because Tribal governments have taken extreme, but necessary, measures to keep their communities COVID-19 free. For example, many Pueblos and Tribes in New Mexico remain closed to outside visitors, including census workers, in an attempt to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. And for good reason: Tribal communities have experienced some of the highest mortality rates in the nation. 

Accordingly, the accelerated timeline, combined with the low response rate and the widespread lack of internet access, threatens to result in another severe undercount of American Indians, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian communities. Failure to get a complete and accurate count of these community populations will have long term and devastating impacts – from redistricting data, to federal funding, to congressional representation. A fair and accurate census is critical to Native communities’ continued and future prosperity.

American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian leaders have spent months coordinating with the Census Bureau to prepare their communities for the 2020 count and to meet the Bureau’s October 31st deadline. Their herculean efforts to get out the count even during a pandemic should not be discounted or cut short. Again, we strongly urge you to honor the previously announced 2020 census completion date of October 31, 2020 and to continue operations under the modified timeline as detailed in the Bureau’s April 13th announcement.

Thank you for your consideration. We look forward to working with you to uphold the federal government’s constitutional obligation to ensure a fair and accurate count for Indian Country and all Native populations within the United States.

Sincerely,